Gentle palpation of the perianal region will reveal the presence of a full anal sac usually on both sides. If you try the above steps and your dog is still scooting and the glands seem painful, it might be time to pull out the heavy artillery! This client information sheet is based on material written by: In affected dogs, rectal examination usually demonstrates a space-occupying mass that may be invasive and occasionally ulcerated. If you have a dog with chronic anal gland problems, I suggest running a HairQ test to check your dog's level of arsenic, lead and mercury. Ferrets possess a pair of well-developed anal glands , as do all mustelids.
Where Your Dog's Anal Glands Are and How They Work
After compression, express the glands manually as described above. No, the size of your dog does not make a difference. Normally, when your dog poops, some of the liquid gets squeezed out of the glands as a result of pressure in the colon. Surgical removal of anal sac tumors is the treatment of choice whenever possible.
Passing normal firm stools puts natural pressure on the rectum walls to empty the glands and will, to some degree, help to lubricate the anal opening in the process, making it easier for your dog to poo. Some veterinarians perform this procedure routinely; however, in severe cases, your veterinarian may recommend referral to a board-certified veterinary surgeon. For recurrent impactions, sacculitis, or abscesses, surgical excision of the affected anal sac is usually curative. Some dogs even appear to lack control of the anus or anal sac ducts so that small quantities of fluid will drain out when they are resting, leaving an unpleasant lingering odor in the home. As with any surgery, general anesthesia is required, this always carries some degree of risk. The lumbar-sacral area supplies the nerve and energy flow to the anus and anal glands. Warm compresses applied to the affected area or hydrotherapy can be used every 12 to 24 hours to ensure drainage and promote healing.